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The Pignocco tree, the history of the farmhouse with its barn and private chapel The farmhouse has risen on the road dedicated to the “Pignocco” tree since the eighteen century

The name "Il Pignocco" (a big Pine) derives from an ancient and gigantic pine that was situated nearby the farmhouse. The memory of the people tells that the tree was so stately that it was immediately identified by sailors, who used it as a point of reference. Once fallen, the circumference of the trunk overcame the height of a man. And for the unbelievers, photos of the prodigious tree are visible in the reception of the agritourism entitled to the "pignocco". 

The property belonged to one of the most illustrious characters in Pesaro: the researcher, erudite and literary man Annibale degli Abbati Olivieri Giordani (1708 -1789). Such property is situated on top of the hill of St. Pietro in Calibano, in the heart of the Lucus Pisaurensis, a fascinating and ancient Roman sanctuary. The city of Pisaurum, Roman colony founded in 184 B.C., had here its sacred wood where solemn offers and ceremonies were done on the occasion of omens and in concomitance with the city of Rome.

 

The farmhouse and its barn

At the beginning of the 20th Century the villa was used as a manor where the owner spent some time after having left his city house: the owner came to the countryside to supervise the sharecroppers in the periods of most hard work. The house “Il Pignocco”, converted to rural abode, was sold in 1953 to Francesco Gallinelli, who purchased two small country estates with rural buildings. The time and the war had left an imprint on the ancient property of Olivieri. The actual owner, Paolo Gallinelli, remembers that the house was in very bad conditions, perhaps after a bombardment. 

During those years the first restoration was started. The new owners, aware of the possibilities of the farmhouse, restored the room that the sharecropper used as stall and enlarged a wing of the construction to allow the animals to lodge, creating a barn. With patience and attention they sought ancient worth pieces that could match with the construction, bringing the signs of the noble past to new light: an ancient and elegant fireplace embellished the living-room, rose windows and a fountain, currently set on the external wall, created an original and pleasant effect. 

The original construction was respected, except for the building of a tower. From the terrace of the tower the eye dominates the residence and sweeps the soft and sweet landscape of the region “Marche” up to glimpse, in the clear days, the three points of San Marino and the mysterious profile of the Massif Simone and Simoncello. At the sunset, the sun passes through the glasses of the tower, slips on the warm heat of the stones of the villa,  underlines and sweetens the simple and sober L construction that is interrupted, on the main façade, by a small iron rectangular terrace projecting above the door of the entry. 

Sideways a simple rectangular building rises, having in the superior part grating windows to assure a continuous and constant airing, so testifying the former function of barn.

San Gaetano chapel

On the side of the villa, separated by a small arc, the private chapel entitled to St. Gaetano of the Pignocco and already existing at the times of the Olivieri rises. The private church was open to the public cult. Up to few decades ago, during the month of May, the sharecroppers came here to participate in the religious rites presided by the priest of Santa Veneranda. Two windows opened at body height remember that, in the past, it was not allowed to the servants of the house to approach the chapel and  listen to the religious function, and they had to follow the ritual from the two small openings placed on the facade. 

And it is bizarre and not accidental that a sacred building, still consecrated and probably previous to the building of the villa, rose few meters from the ground that housed the sacred sanctuary of the first roman community in the city. 

In front of the religious building there is a courtyard with a quadrangular well in stone. 

All around the house and the oratory, large grain and corn fields have given their fruits to the sharecropper up to few years ago. At nightfall, the silver glares of the old olive trees that encircle the back of the villa create a mysterious appeal. Suspended in the absolute peace of the top of the hill, between the marine pines born on the ground that a long time ago housed the sacred forest, the eye sweeps until the horizon, where the light of the sea is melted with the last flares of the sky.